Supracondylar Humerus Fractures

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  1. Abzug, Joshua M.; Herman, Martin J.  Management of Supracondylar Humerus Fractures in Children: Current Concepts.  Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 20(2):69-77, February 2012
  2. Babal JC, Mehlmann CT, Klein G. Nerve injuries associated with pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures: a meta-analysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010; 30 (3): 253-263.
  3. Bae DS, Kadiyala RK, Waters PM. Acute compartment syndrome in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2001; 21 (5): 680-688.
  4. Barton KL, Kaminsky CK, Green DW, Shean CJ, Kautz SM, Skaggs DL. Reliability of a modified Gartland classification of supracondylar humerus fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2001; 21 (1): 27-30.
  5. Keppler P, Salem K, Schwarting B, Kinzl L. The effectiveness of physiotherapy after operative treatment of supracondylar humeral fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop 2005;25(3):314-316
  6. Kocher MS, Kasser JR, Waters PM et al. Lateral entry compared with medial and lateral entry pin fixation for completely displaced supracondylar humeral fractures in children. A randomized clinical trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2007;89(4):706-712
  7. Moraleda L, Valencia M, Barco R, Gonzalez-Moran G. Natural history of unreduced Gartland type-II supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children: a two to thirteen-year follow-up study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013; 95 (1): 28-34.
  8. Omid R, Choi PD, Skaggs DL. Supracondylar humeral fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008; 90 (5): 1121-1132.
  9. Scannell BP, Jackson B, Bray C, Roush TS, Brighton BK, Frick SL. The perfused, pulseless supracondylar humeral fracture: intermediate-term follow-up of vascular status and function. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013; 95: 1913-9.
  10. Skaggs DL, Sankar WN, Albrektson J, Vaishnav S, Choi PD, Kay RM.  How safe is the operative treatment of Gartland type 2 supracondylar humerus fractures in children? J Pediatr Orthop. 2008; 28 (2):139-141.
  11. Tripuraneni KR, Bosch PP, Schwend RM, Yaste JJ. Prospective, surgeon randomized evaluation of crossed pins versus lateral pins for unstable supracondylar humerus fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop B 2009;18(2):93-98
  12. White L, Mehlman CT, Crawford AH. Perfused, pulseless, and puzzling: a systematic review of vascular injuries in pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures and results of a POSNA questionnaire. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010; 30 (4): 328-335.

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Norman Otsuka MD